The “beneficial” Crete of Florentini Skouloudis-Kaloutsis (1890-1971)

I created two hundred and fifty designs with old Cretan, countryside and Minoan motifs trying to unite what is beautiful with what is beneficial.

Florentini Kaloutsis

Η Δημοτική Πινακοθήκη Χανίων σε συνδιοργάνωση με τη Διεύθυνση Νεότερης Πολιτιστικής Κληρονομιάς του Υπουργείου Πολιτισμού και Αθλητισμού παρουσιάζει την έκθεση «Τέχνη και Χειροτεχνία: Η“ωφέλιμη” Κρήτη της Φλωρεντίνης Σκουλούδη-Καλούτση (1890-1971)».

Διάρκεια έκθεσης: 2 Δεκεμβρίου 2019-25 Απριλίου 2020

Η περίπτωση της Κρητικιάς καλλιτέχνιδας Φλωρεντίνης Σκουλούδη-Καλούτση (1890-1971) είναι σημαντική τόσο για την τοπική καλλιτεχνική ιστορία της Κρήτης όσο και ευρύτερα για τη νεότερη πολιτιστική κληρονομιά της ελληνικής επικράτειας. Αποτελεί μία ιδιαίτερη περίπτωση τόσο για την ενεργή συμμετοχή της στα καλλιτεχνικά δρώμενα του καιρού της όσο και για την δυναμική αντιπροσώπευση των γυναικών δημιουργών, γεγονός σπάνιο στα χρόνια όπου έδρασε : H Καλούτση συνδύασε για πρώτη φορά μινωικά και λαϊκά μοτίβα με την τεχνική της παραδοσιακής κρητικής υφαντικής. Προσπάθησε επισταμένα και με εξωστρέφεια να αναδείξει την καλλιτεχνική κληρονομιά της Κρήτης από τη μινωική μέχρι και τη λαϊκή τέχνη μέσα από μια σύγχρονη παραγωγή όπου αξιοποιούνταν οι παραδοσιακές τεχνικές. Με την επιτυχημένη επιχείρηση χειροτεχνίας Διπλούς Πέλεκυς, που η ίδια δημιούργησε και διηύθυνε, συμμετείχε σταθερά σε τοπικές, εθνικές και διεθνείς εκθέσεις εφαρμοσμένων τεχνών, αποσπώντας βραβεία και διακρίσεις.

Η έκθεση που παρουσιάζεται, 130 χρόνια μετά τη γέννηση της Καλούτση, υποστηρίζοντας τόσο την στοχοθεσία της Δημοτικής Πινακοθήκης Χανίων για την ανάδειξη της καλλιτεχνικής κληρονομιάς της Κρήτης, όσο και της Διεύθυνσης Νεότερης Πολιτιστικής Κληρονομιάς για έρευνα, διαφύλαξη, προβολή και επικοινωνία του υλικού και άυλου νεότερου πολιτισμού έχει ως σκοπό να αποτελέσει μια συνολική αποτίμηση του έργου της Κρητικιάς καλλιτέχνιδος μέσα από μια ιστορική θεώρηση που αξιοποιεί τις σύγχρονες μουσειολογικές πρακτικές, στο πλαίσιο μιας αναδρομικής έκθεσής του έργου της.

Στην έκθεση παρουσιάζονται έργα από ένα ευρύ φάσμα δημιουργιών και καλλιτεχνικών εκφράσεων της συνολικής διαδρομής της Καλούτση, όπως πίνακες, σχέδια ζωγραφικής, σχέδια για εφαρμογές, υφαντά, ξυλόγλυπτα έπιπλα και άλλα αντικείμενα εφαρμοσμένων τεχνών, καθώς και πλούσιο αρχειακό υλικό, φωτογραφίες, προσωπικά αντικείμενα της ίδιας, ψηφιακές εφαρμογές, και έναν αργαλειό σε λειτουργία

Στο προσεχές διάστημα θα ανακοινωθούν και οι παράλληλες εκδηλώσεις που θα πλαισιώσουν την έκθεση και θα επικοινωνήσουν επιπλέον το συνολικό εγχείρημα.

Δημοτική Πινακοθήκη Χανίων, Χάληδων 98, 73132 Χανιά,

Ωράριο λειτουργίας: Δευτέρα – Σάββατο 10:00-14:00

                                         Δευτέρα –  Σάββατο   18:00-21:00

 

Με την υποστήριξη:

-Περιφέρεια Κρήτης-Περιφερειακή Ενότητα Χανίων

-Εθνικό Ίδρυμα Ερευνών και Μελετών «Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος»

-Λύκειο Ελληνίδων Χανίων

-Φιλολογικός Σύλλογος  Χανίων «Ο Χρυσόστομος»

-Βενιζέλειο Ωδείο Χανίων – Σύνδεσμος για την διάδοση των Καλών Τεχνών στην Κρήτη

 

Επιστημονική Επιμέλεια:

Μανόλης Καρτεράκης, Ιστορικός τέχνης-Επιμελητής

Άνη Κοντογιώργη, Δρ Ιστορίας τέχνης-Θεατρολόγος

 

Φωτογραφικό υλικό από την έκθεση: The “beneficial” Crete of Florentini Skouloudis-Kaloutsis (1890-1971)

 

OPENING SPEECH BY L. MENDONI, MINISTER OF CULTURE AND SPORTS

The personality of Florentini Skouloudis-Kaloutsis is linked to the local art history of Crete and is unique for many reasons. She was a woman with a strong interest in the arts. She vigorously represented female creators at a time that social conditions did not allow their voices to be heard. She was a pioneer, as she studied painting in London and absorbed the British cultural trends, influences that very few Greek women had the opportunity to accept at that time.

Florentini Skouloudis-Kaloutsis was «beneficial» to her Crete, as described in the title of the exhibition. Not only because her direction was the promotion of traditional weaving in Greece and tried to emphasize the artistic heritage of Crete. She is unique because she did so in a creative way, drawing on paper and translating into weaving the Minoan civilization patterns, as they were revealed in the excavation of Knossos.

As she had said, “When I returned from London, where I studied painting, I was saddened to discover that the Cretan loom had been completely dead and that the women who used to weave, were now knitting laces and had used most of their looms as firewood…”. With persistent work and with the craft firm Double Axe, which she created, she offered jobs to many women. She participated in local, national and international crafts fairs. She won awards.

The exhibition “Art and Crafts: The ‘Beneficial’ Crete of Florentini Skouloudis-Kaloutsis” is a result of the collaboration of the Department of Modern Cultural Heritage with the Municipality of Chania and the Municipal Art Gallery of Chania. Congratulations to those who worked to highlight Kaloutsis’ work through the extensive archive material presented. The ongoing aim of the Ministry of Culture and Sports is to encourage initiatives to re-evaluate the tangible and intangible aspects of modern culture. With a modern museological approach, we want to broaden the public’s perception of the country’s cultural reserve and their awareness on issues of modern cultural heritage.

Lina Mendoni

Minister of Culture and Sports

 

OPENING SPEECH BY P. SIMANDIRAKIS, MAYOR OF CHANIA

Florentini Skouloudis-Kaloutsis was a dynamic woman who left her indelible mark on the recent history of Crete. A restless spirit, with a deep knowledge of the philosophical and artistic movements of her time, she set up her workshop in Chania just before the union of Crete with Greece and she constantly designed, painted, taught.

With her pioneering artistic creation and especially with the revival of Crete’s primitive weaving art, Kaloutsis succeeded in fusing tradition with modernism, highlighting the continuation of Cretan civilization from the Minoan years to the 20th century. In difficult times, she provided the women of Chania with spiritual ventilation, employment, and income. A multidimensional personality, she was a close friend of Eleftherios Venizelos and especially his wife Elena, who were her neighbors in Chalepa, but also of Drosinis, Sikelianos, Penelope Delta, Kyveli, Angeliki Chatzimichalis.

The exhibition ” Art and Crafts: the “beneficial” Crete of Florentini Skouloudis-Kaloutsis” presents in a complete way her multifaceted work and revives the atmosphere of Chania and Crete at the time of her activity. It is the excellent result of the cooperation of our Municipal Gallery with the Directorate of Modern Cultural Heritage of the Ministry of Culture, with the support of the Regional Unity of Chania and important institutions of our country, such as the National Research Foundation “Eleftherios K. Venizelos”, the Lyceum Club of Greek Women of Chania, the Library Society “Chrysostomos” and the Venizeleio Conservatory of Chania-Association for the Dissemination of the Fine Arts in Crete.

Congratulations are due to all the contributors and especially to the distinguished art historians Manolis Karterakis and Annie Kontogiorgi who curated the exhibition with scientific responsibility, inspiration, and inventiveness.  

Panagiotis Simandirakis

Mayor of Chania

 

WELCOME SPEECH BY G. GIANNAKAKIS, DEPUTY MAYOR OF CULTURE

It is an exceptional honour for the Municipal Art Gallery of Chania to host the exhibition ” Art and Crafts: the ‘beneficial’ Crete of Florentini Skouloudis-Kaloutsis “. Few women stood out in their time and were distinguished for their multifaceted artistic, business and social work as much as Florentini Skouloudis-Kaloutsis. Her contribution to the safeguarding of cultural heritage and tradition of Crete, as well as to the formation of the modern Greek artistic flair, was instrumental as well as the development of an innovative work in the field of cottage industry.       

It is of particular importance for the Municipal Art Gallery of Chania to cooperate with the Directorate of Modern Cultural and Intangible Cultural Heritage of the Ministry of Culture. The collaborative organization of this exhibition allows highlighting the scope and timeless value of Florentini Kaloutsis’ work, through its extensive presentation and scientific documentation, through the inspiring work of Manolis Karterakis and Annie Kontogiorgi.  

The synergies developed around this exhibition, with the participation of the Regional Unit of Chania, the National Research Foundation “Eleftherios K. Venizelos”, the Lyceum Club of Greek Women of Chania, the Library Society “Chrysostomos” and the Venizeleio Conservatory of Chania-Association for the Dissemination of the Fine Arts in Crete attest to the importance of Florentini Skouloudis-Kaloutsis’ personality and enhance the range of the exhibition.

It is extremely important to develop in the heart of our town an impeccable presentation connecting painting with weaving, folklore with science, and tradition with modernism.

Giannis Giannakakis

Deputy Mayor of Culture of the Municipality of Chania

 

WELCOME SPEECH BY S. Fotopoulou, Head of the Directorate of Modern Cultural Heritage

The collaboration of the Directorate of Modern Cultural Heritage with the Municipal Art Gallery of Chania will hopefully bring a fresh view on the heritage of women involved in applied arts, such as Florentini Kaloutsis. We are particularly focused on the shaping of the concept of “folk art” and its new meanings throughout the course of the 20th century. Florentini Kaloutsis developed her own Greek local – “folk” art “idiom” and sustained it through her business for a long time, certainly more than Loukia Zygomalas’ similar venture in Avlona, Attica (“Attica, Greek Village Embroideries”).

The involvement of many women from the upper class during the same period (late 19th until the mid-20th century) and in the same fields (charity, care for the needy) cannot be considered as random. Their desire to participate and shape the society in which they lived in is expressed through the “beneficial” (as Kaloutsis expressed it) task of educating other women in the arts which could help them make a living in difficult times.

We hope that the visitors to this exhibition will enjoy the unique combination of local-”folk” with the national and the global, in Kaloutsis’ way, and will also experience this general trend that has been expressed in the field of applied arts with particular intensity both in Greece and elsewhere.

Stavroula (Villy) Fotopoulou

Head of the Directorate of Modern Cultural Heritage

Ministry of Culture and Sports

Exhibition information

Duration: December 2, 2019 to April 25, 2020
Curator: Manolis Karterakis & Ani Kontogiorgi
Opening: Monday 2 December 2019 at 20:00



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